Synergistic effects of climate and land-use change on representation of African bats in priority conservation areas

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dc.contributor.author Smith, Alain
dc.contributor.author Schoeman, M. Corrie
dc.contributor.author Keith, Mark
dc.contributor.author Erasmus, Barend F. N.
dc.contributor.author Monadjem, Ara
dc.contributor.author Moilanen, Atte
dc.contributor.author Minin, Enrico Di
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-06T09:33:03Z
dc.date.issued 2016-10
dc.description.abstract Bats are considered important bioindicators and deliver key ecosystem services to humans. However, it is not clear how the individual and combined effects of climate change and land-use change will affect their conservation in the future. We used a spatial conservation prioritization framework to determine future shifts in the priority areas for the conservation of 169 bat species under projected climate and land-use change scenarios across Africa. Specifically, we modelled species distribution models under four different climate change scenarios at the 2050 horizon. We used land-use change scenarios within the spatial conservation prioritization framework to assess habitat quality in areas where bats may shift their distributions. Overall, bats’ representation within already existing protected areas in Africa was low (∼5% of their suitable habitat in protected areas which cover ∼7% of Africa). Accounting for future land-use change resulted in the largest shift in spatial priority areas for conservation actions, and species representation within priority areas for conservation actions decreased by ∼9%. A large proportion of spatial conservation priorities will shift from forested areas with little disturbance under present conditions to agricultural areas in the future. Planning land use to reduce impacts on bats in priority areas outside protected areas where bats will be shifting their ranges in the future is crucial to enhance their conservation and maintain the important ecosystem services they provide to humans. en_ZA
dc.description.department Centre for Wildlife Management en_ZA
dc.description.department Mammal Research Institute en_ZA
dc.description.department Zoology and Entomology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2017-10-31
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolind en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Smith, A, Schoeman, MC, Keith, M, Ersamus, BFN, Monadjem, A, Moilanen, A & Minin, ED 2016, 'Synergistic effects of climate and land-use change on representation of African bats in priority conservation areas', Ecological Indicators, vol. 69, no. 10, pp. 276-283. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1470-160X
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.04.039
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/52881
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Ecological Indicators. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to This article since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Ecological Indicators, vol. 69, no.10, pp. 276-283, 2016. doi : 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.04.039. en_ZA
dc.subject Land-use change en_ZA
dc.subject Climate change en_ZA
dc.subject Chiroptera en_ZA
dc.subject Conservation en_ZA
dc.subject Zonation en_ZA
dc.subject Africa en_ZA
dc.subject Connectivity en_ZA
dc.title Synergistic effects of climate and land-use change on representation of African bats in priority conservation areas en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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