This article explores the convergence between three pillars of influence – feminist security
studies, civil society activism and policy decision-making – and its role in the adoption
and implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325.
It argues that these three pillars, individually and collectively, have made important contributions
to the debate and action on the gender and security agenda, but that they
remain organically disconnected. Their convergence has the potential to achieve
path-breaking results in the sphere of gender and security, whilst their divergence
makes transformation unattainable. We show the disconnect in the application of
UNSCR 1325 in Africa and argue that this is partly the reason why, despite enormous
efforts, the gains realised in terms of gender equality in the peace and security arena
have been negligible.