Transmission of foot and mouth disease at the wildlife/livestock interface of the Kruger National Park, South Africa : can the risk be mitigated?

Show simple item record Jori, Ferran J. Etter, Eric Marcel Charles 2016-05-05T14:18:42Z 2016-04
dc.description.abstract In Southern Africa, the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is the natural reservoir of foot and mouth disease(FMD). Contacts between this species and cattle are responsible for most of the FMD outbreaks in cattleat the edge of protected areas, which generate huge economic losses. During the late 1980’s and 90’s, theerection of veterinary cordon fences and the regular vaccination of cattle exposed to buffalo contact at theinterface of the Kruger National Park (KNP), proved to be efficient to control and prevent FMD outbreaksin South Africa. However, since 2000, the efficiency of those measures has deteriorated, resulting in anincreased rate of FMD outbreaks in cattle outside KNP, currently occurring more than once a year.Based on retrospective ecological and epidemiological data, we developed a stochastic quantitativemodel to assess the annual risk of FMD virus (FMDV) transmission from buffalo to cattle herds present atthe KNP interface. The model suggests that good immunization of approximately 75% of the cattle pop-ulation combined with a reduction of buffalo/cattle contacts is an efficient combination to reduce FMDVtransmission to one infective event every 5.5 years, emulating the epidemiological situation observed atthe end of the 20th century, before current failure of control measures. The model also indicates that anincreasing number of buffalo present in the KNP and crossing its boundaries, combined with a reductionin the vaccination coverage of cattle herds at the interface, increases 3-fold the risk of transmission (oneinfective event per year).The model proposed makes biological sense and provides a good representationof current knowledge of FMD ecology and epidemiology in Southern Africa which can be used to discusswith stakeholders on different management options to control FMD at the wildlife livestock interface andupdated if new information becomes available. It also suggests that the control of FMD at the KNP inter-face is becoming increasingly challenging and will probably require alternative approaches to controlthis disease and its economic impact. en_ZA
dc.description.department Production Animal Studies en_ZA
dc.description.department Zoology and Entomology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2017-04-30
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship University of Pretoria, South Africa. The project “Development of an epidemiological network to monitor the dynamics Foot and Mouth Disease at the GLTFCA” funded by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs through the CORUS (Cooperation for Scientific and Academic Research). en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Jori, F & Etter, E 2016, 'Transmission of foot and mouth disease at the wildlife/livestock interface of the Kruger National Park, South Africa : can the risk be mitigated?', Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 126, pp. 19-29. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0167-5877 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1873-1716 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.01.016
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Preventive Veterinary Medicine resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 126, pp. 19-29, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.01.016. en_ZA
dc.subject Transmission en_ZA
dc.subject Risk assessment en_ZA
dc.subject Modelling en_ZA
dc.subject African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) en_ZA
dc.subject Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) en_ZA
dc.subject Kruger National Park (KNP) en_ZA
dc.subject Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) en_ZA
dc.title Transmission of foot and mouth disease at the wildlife/livestock interface of the Kruger National Park, South Africa : can the risk be mitigated? en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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