Language and communication development in preschool children with visual impairment : a systematic review

Show simple item record Mosca, Renata Kritzinger, Alta M. (Aletta Margaretha) Van der Linde, Jeannie 2016-04-25T11:07:26Z 2016-04-25T11:07:26Z 2015-10-16
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : Language and communication difficulties of young children with visual impairment (VI) are ascribed to intellectual disability, multiple disabilities and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) rather than their sensory impairment. Consequently, the communication difficulties of children with VI may have been underestimated and undertreated. OBJECTIVES : This report aims to critically appraise recent peer reviewed literature relating to communication and language development in children with VI. METHOD : A systematic search of the literature (2003–2013) was completed using the PRISMA guidelines, and primary and secondary search phrases. Nine publications were reviewed in terms of the strength of recent evidence. Thematic analysis was used to describe the early language and communication characteristics of children with VI. RESULTS : All the selected articles (n = 9) were from developed countries and participants from seven of the studies had congenital VI. Five of the studies received an evidence level rating of III while four articles were rated as IIb. Two main themes emerged from the studies: early intervention, and multiple disabilities and ASD. Language and communication development is affected by VI, especially in the early stages of development. Speech-language therapists should therefore be included in early intervention for children with VI. CONCLUSION : Recent evidence on the early language and communication difficulties of children with VI exists, but children in developing countries with acquired VI appear to not be investigated. The identified language and communication developmental characteristics may assist speech-language therapists to build a knowledge base for participation in early intervention for young children with VI and their families. en_ZA
dc.description.department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2016 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mosca, R., Kritzinger, A., & Van der Linde, J. (2015). Language and communication development in preschool children with visual impairment: A systematic review. South African Journal of Communication Disorders 62(1), Art. #119, 10 pages. 10.4102/sajcd.v62i1.119. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0379-8046 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2225-4765 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4102/sajcd.v62i1.119
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher AOSIS OpenJournals en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS OpenJournals. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Children en_ZA
dc.subject Visual impairment (VI) en_ZA
dc.subject Communication and language development en_ZA
dc.title Language and communication development in preschool children with visual impairment : a systematic review en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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