The study of women in Manichaeism is still in its infancy. The present article aims to
contribute to this promising field of research by concentrating on the writings of the
former Manichaean Augustine (354-430). A considerable number of data emerge from
his works, which elucidate the presence and role of Manichaean women in Roman
North Africa. It turns out that, at quite different stages of his life, Augustine came into
contact with female Manichaeans and described their significance very differently.