Deaths from bee stings : a report of three cases from Pretoria, South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Du Toit-Prinsloo, Lorraine
dc.contributor.author Morris, Neil Kenneth
dc.contributor.author Meyer, Pieter
dc.contributor.author Saayman, Gert
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-15T08:46:02Z
dc.date.issued 2016-03
dc.description.abstract In South Africa bee stings are most commonly caused by either Apis mellifera capensis or A. mellifera scutellata, indigenous species which are notoriously aggressive when compared to European honey bees. According to Statistics South Africa, 109 deaths were documented for the period 2001–2011 as having been caused by hornets, wasps, and bees (ICD10—X26). This appears to be a small number but, as was reported in Australia, these statistics might be inaccurate due to either over- or underreporting of cases. We report 3 cases of fatalities due to bee stings, including one with postmortem features of diffuse intravascular coagulopathy. A brief overview of the venom of the honey bee, reactions following a bee sting and possible mechanisms of death are presented. Confirming the diagnosis in these cases may be very problematic for the forensic pathologist, as in many cases minimal history is available and both external and internal examination could fail to reveal any specific signs of bee sting or other obvious morphologic abnormalities. Thus, there is a need for reliable confirmatory or supportive diagnostic tests. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2017-03-30
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://link.springer.com/journal/12024 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Du Toit-Prinsloo, L, Morris, NK, Meyer, P & Saayman, G 2016, 'Deaths from bee stings : a report of three cases from Pretoria, South Africa', Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 81-95. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1547-769X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1556-2891 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s12024-015-9737-x
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/51858
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Springer en_ZA
dc.rights © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016. The original publication is available at http://link.springer.comjournal/12024. en_ZA
dc.subject Beestings en_ZA
dc.subject Anaphylaxis en_ZA
dc.subject Tryptase en_ZA
dc.subject Medicolegal postmortem examination en_ZA
dc.subject Envenomation en_ZA
dc.title Deaths from bee stings : a report of three cases from Pretoria, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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