The relationship between scientific knowledge and behaviour : an HIV/AIDS case

Show simple item record Mnguni, Lindelani Abrie, A.L. (Mia) Ebersohn, L. (Liesel) 2016-03-01T10:23:55Z 2016
dc.description.abstract Debates on the role of scientific knowledge to affect behaviour are continuing. The theory of planned behaviour suggests that behaviour is influenced by attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control and not by knowledge. However, a large body of knowledge argues that increased HIV/AIDSrelated knowledge leads to the adoption of safe behavioural practices. The purpose of this nonexperimental survey study, therefore, was to investigate the correlation between academic HIV/AIDS knowledge, functional HIV/AIDS knowledge and self-reported behavioural preferences of 300 biology and 243 non-biology students from nine South African schools. Results suggest a correlation between students’ understanding of academic and functional HIV/AIDS knowledge. The behavioural preferences of both biology and non-biology students were generally the same and safe. Among biology students, correlation was observed between academic HIV/AIDS knowledge and self-reported safe behavioural preferences, which was not the case for non-biology students, where functional HIV/AIDS knowledge correlated with self-reported safe behavioural preferences. Within schools, however, no correlation was found between both forms of HIV/AIDS knowledge and self-reported safe behavioural preferences. There were indications that context-specific local factors have a greater influence on behavioural preferences. These findings suggest that the type of knowledge that could influence behaviour is informed by context-specific dynamics. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2016-09-30
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Lindelani Mnguni, Mia Abrie & Liesel Ebersohn (2016) The Relationship Between Scientific Knowledge and Behaviour: An HIV/AIDS Case, Journal of Biological Education, 50:2, 147-159, DOI: 10.1080/00219266.2015.1007888. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0021-9266 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2157-6009 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1080/00219266.2015.1007888
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Routledge en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 Society of Biology. Taylor and Francis. This is an electronic version of an article published in Journal of Biological Dynamics, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 147-159, 2016. doi : 10.1080/00219266.2015.1007888. Journal of Biological Dynamics is available online at : http://www.tandfonline.comloi/tjbd20. en_ZA
dc.subject Scientific HIV/AIDS knowledge en_ZA
dc.subject Correlation en_ZA
dc.subject Generic HIV/AIDS knowledge en_ZA
dc.subject Theory of planned behaviour en_ZA
dc.subject Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) en_ZA
dc.subject Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) en_ZA
dc.title The relationship between scientific knowledge and behaviour : an HIV/AIDS case en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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