The techniques used in DNA profiling are well established and scientifically validated. The scientific validity
of DNA evidence can, however, be so persuasive that such evidence risks being reduced to proof of guilt or
innocence. Thus, the incorrect use of DNA evidence could lead to a miscarriage of justice where the innocent
are convicted and the guilty are acquitted. Drawing from the Supreme Court of Appeal decision in Bokolo v S
(Bokolo case), this case note discusses how DNA evidence can be placed in its proper forensic context. The
article sets out the ideal role of expert witnesses, the role of opposing or neutral experts, and the active role of
judicial officers in evaluating DNA evidence.