Household fuel use and child respiratory ill health in two towns in Mpumalanga, South Africa

Show simple item record Albers, Patricia Nicole Wright, Caradee Yael Voyi, K.V.V. (Kuku) Mathee, Angela 2016-02-29T10:07:31Z 2016-02-29T10:07:31Z 2015-07
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : This cross-sectional study examined respiratory health outcomes and associated risk factors in children living in a part of South Africa characterised by high levels of air pollution. METHODS : A questionnaire was used to collect self-reported respiratory health and risk factor data from the parents/guardians of children between the ages of 9 and 11 years attending primary schools in the study area. Six government schools were selected based on their location, class size and willingness to participate. Univariate and bivariate analyses as well as logistic regression analysis were performed on the data, using a p-value of 0.25 and biological plausibility. RESULTS : The overall prevalence of respiratory ill-health symptoms was 34.1%. The prevalence of respiratory ill-health conditions was significantly elevated among children from households using non-electrical fuels v. electricity for cooking (43.9% v. 31.6%; adjusted p-value 0.005). The same was noted among those using non-electrical fuels for heating (37.8% v. 29.0%). CONCLUSION : The elevated prevalence of some respiratory health outcomes among schoolchildren, especially in conjunction with domestic fossil fuel burning, is of concern. The data collected in this study may be used to complement or form a basis for future policy regarding indoor or ambient air quality in the area. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Council for Scientific and Industrial Research en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Albers, PN, Wright, CY, Voyi, KVV & Mathee, A 2015, 'Household fuel use and child respiratory ill health in two towns in Mpumalanga, South Africa', South African Medical Journal, vol. 105, no. 7, pp. 573-577. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0256-9574 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-5135 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.7196/SAMJnew.7934
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Health and Medical Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 Health & Medical Publishing Group. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Works License (CC BY-NC 3.0). en_ZA
dc.subject Respiratory ill-health en_ZA
dc.subject School children en_ZA
dc.subject Domestic fossil fuel burning en_ZA
dc.subject Mpumalanga province, South Africa en_ZA
dc.title Household fuel use and child respiratory ill health in two towns in Mpumalanga, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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