Livelihoods, land use and land cover change in the Zambezi region, Namibia

Show simple item record Kamwi, Jonathan M. Chirwa, Paxie W. Manda, S.O.M. (Samuel) Graz, Patric F. Kätsch, Christoph 2016-02-12T09:19:26Z 2015-12
dc.description.abstract This paper examines the socio-economic drivers of land use and land cover change and assesses the impacts of such changes to rural livelihoods in the Zambezi region of northern Namibia. We carried out a longitudinal analysis of Landsat imagery of land use and land cover. The analysis revealed that the amount of land in the region covered by forest increased significantly in the period from 1991 to 2010 whilst crop/grass land decreased. Focus group meetings, key informant interviews and semi-structured interviews covering 424 households stratified by gender were used. The results show that natural resource uses are vitally important in the rural livelihoods. The drivers of land use and land cover change are agricultural expansion, population increase and illegal logging. Livelihood coping strategies include piecework, food aid, borrowing from relatives and wild food collection. By gender stratification, piecework contributed 37 and 63 % while agriculture contributed 29 and 71 % of the income of male- and female-headed households. Logistic regression analysis showed knowledge of regulations, age group and species availability significantly (p\0.05) influenced the choice of a household’s livelihood coping strategy. The study concludes that the changes in coping strategies influenced by a variety of factors have led to the diminished use of natural resources. For policy purposes, this suggests that state interventions can play a significant role in promoting more sustainable natural resource usage. This analysis enables effective decision-making to reconcile the efforts of sustainable development and natural resource management. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2016-12-31
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship University of Pretoria and the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry in Namibia. Southern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management (SASSCAL). en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Kamwi, JM, Chirwa, PWC, Manda, SOM, Graz, PF & Kätsch, C 2015, 'Livelihoods, land use and land cover change in the Zambezi region, Namibia', Population and Environment, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 207-230. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0199-0039 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1573-7810 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s11111-015-0239-2
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Springer en_ZA
dc.rights © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015. The original publication is available at : en_ZA
dc.subject Rural livelihoods en_ZA
dc.subject Land use en_ZA
dc.subject Land cover en_ZA
dc.subject Logistic regression en_ZA
dc.subject Change detection en_ZA
dc.subject Zambezi en_ZA
dc.title Livelihoods, land use and land cover change in the Zambezi region, Namibia en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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