Comparative speed of kill, repellent (anti-feeding) and acaricidal efficacy of an Imidacloprid/flumethrin collar (Seresto®) and a fipronil/(S)-methoprene/eprinomectin/praziquantel spot-on (Broadline®) against Ixodes ricinus (Linné, 1758) on cats

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dc.contributor.author Fourie, Josephus J.
dc.contributor.author Horak, Ivan Gerard
dc.contributor.author De Vos, Christa
dc.contributor.author Deuster, Katrin
dc.contributor.author Schunack, Bettina
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-10T12:16:29Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08
dc.description.abstract Speed of kill, repellent (anti-feeding) and acaricidal efficacy of an imidacloprid 10% (w/w) /flumethrin 4.5% (w/w) collar (Seresto®, Bayer) and a spot-on formulation of fipronil 8.3% (w/v) /(S)-methoprene 10% (w/v) /eprinomectin 0.4% (w/v) /praziquantel 8.3% (w/v) (Broadline®, Merial) against artificially-induced infestations with Ixodes ricinus on cats, were assessed in a parallel group design, randomized, controlled study. Twenty-four cats were included and randomly allocated to treatment groups or non-treated controls. Starting on Day (D) 7 after treatment until D28, cats were each infested with 50 I. ricinus at weekly intervals. Ticks were counted in situ on the cats at 6, 12 and 24 h and upon removal 48 h after each infestation. Based on arithmetic means, Seresto® proved to be 100% effective against adult I. ricinus at all assessment times (6, 12, 24 and 48 h after infestation) throughout the month-long study. Broadline® was 0% to 16.7% effective at 6 h, 26.8% to 50.0% effective at 12 h, while at 24 h after infestation efficacy peaked at 81.5% on D15 declining to 31.5% on D29. Based on the 48 h tick counts, the efficacy of Broadline® peaked at 100% on D16 after treatment and decreased to 83.2% by D30. The Seresto® collar provided significantly faster speed of kill and better persistent acaricidal effectiveness against Ixodes ricinus on cats compared to Broadline® spot-on. The additional repellent (antifeeding) effect of Seresto® prevents parasites from taking a blood meal and thereby reduces the risk of vectorborne disease pathogen transmission. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2016-08-31
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.librarian ab2016
dc.description.sponsorship Bayer Animal Health en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://link.springer.com/journal/436 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Fourie, JJ, Horak, IG, De Vos, C, Deuster, K & Schunack, B 2015, 'Comparative speed of kill, repellent (anti-feeding) and acaricidal efficacy of an Imidacloprid/flumethrin collar (Seresto®) and a fipronil/(S)-methoprene/eprinomectin/praziquantel spot-on (Broadline®) against Ixodes ricinus (Linné, 1758) on cats', Parasitology Research, vol. 114, suppl.1, pp. S109-S116. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0932-0113 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1432-1955(online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s00436-015-4517-9
dc.identifier.other 7102989086
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/51326
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Springer en_ZA
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © Springer-Verlag 2015. The original publication is available at : http://link.springer.comjournal/436. en_ZA
dc.subject Cats en_ZA
dc.subject Ixodes ricinus en_ZA
dc.subject Imidacloprid/flumethrin en_ZA
dc.subject Collars en_ZA
dc.subject Fipronil en_ZA
dc.subject Spot-on formulations en_ZA
dc.subject.other Veterinary science SDG-3 en_ZA
dc.title Comparative speed of kill, repellent (anti-feeding) and acaricidal efficacy of an Imidacloprid/flumethrin collar (Seresto®) and a fipronil/(S)-methoprene/eprinomectin/praziquantel spot-on (Broadline®) against Ixodes ricinus (Linné, 1758) on cats en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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