Flexibility as risk factor for stress-fracture development in South African male soldiers

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Wood, Paola Silvia
dc.contributor.author Kruger, P.E. (Pieter Ernst)
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-25T08:44:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-25T08:44:00Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : Stress fractures are a common military training injury. Flexibility of muscles and joints may directly influence stress-fracture risk by way of altering the forces applied to bone. Hip external rotation and ankle plantar- and dorsiflexion have been inconsistently reported to pose a risk to stress fracture development in military soldiers. Thus this study aimed to present results that could help define the risk flexibility may pose in the development of stress fractures amongst military male soldiers. METHODS : An experimental one-group pretest–posttest study design assessing the injury incidence, bilateral hip external rotation, ankle plantar- and dorsiflexion of South African male military soldiers (n = 100) undergoing 12 weeks of basic military training (BMT) was undertaken. The parametric t-test for dependent samples (α = 0.05) and effect size (ES) was used to analyse the data. RESULTS : No stress fractures were diagnosed in the 100 operational military training injuries reported. BMT resulted in significant mean decreases of 10% (L) and 17% (R) in hip external rotation and 18% (L) and 14% (R) in ankle plantar flexion respectively, whilst a significant increase of 37% (L) and 39% (R) dorsiflexion was observed. CONCLUSIONS : Although normal ankle and limited hip external flexibility do not appear to predispose these male soldiers to stress fracture development these variables should not be excluded as possible intrinsic risk factors. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://medpharm.tandfonline.com/loi/ojfp20 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Wood, PS & Kruger, PE 2015, 'Flexibility as risk factor for stress-fracture development in South African male soldiers', South African Family Practice, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-5. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2078-6190 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-6204 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1080/20786190.2015.1024017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/51239
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher MedPharm Publications en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 The Author(s). Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0]. en_ZA
dc.subject Ankle dorsiflexion en_ZA
dc.subject Basic military training en_ZA
dc.subject Flexibility en_ZA
dc.subject hip external rotation en_ZA
dc.subject Risk factor en_ZA
dc.subject Stress fracture en_ZA
dc.title Flexibility as risk factor for stress-fracture development in South African male soldiers en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record