Three-dimensional (3D) modelling and visualisation is one of the fastest growing application fields in
geographic information science. 3D city models are being researched extensively for a variety of purposes
and in various domains, including urban design, disaster management, education and computer gaming.
These models typically depict urban business districts (downtown) or suburban residential areas. Despite
informal settlements being a prevailing feature of many cities in developing countries, 3D models of informal
settlements are virtually non-existent. 3D models of informal settlements could be useful in various ways,
e.g. to gather information about the current environment in the informal settlements, to design upgrades,
to communicate these and to educate inhabitants about environmental challenges. In this article, we
described the development of a 3D model of the Slovo Park informal settlement in the City of Johannesburg
Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa. Instead of using time-consuming traditional manual methods,
we followed the procedural modelling technique. Visualisation characteristics of 3D models of informal
settlements were described and the importance of each characteristic in urban design activities for informal
settlement upgrades was assessed. Next, the visualisation characteristics of the Slovo Park model were
evaluated. The results of the evaluation showed that the 3D model produced by the procedural modelling
technique is suitable for urban design activities in informal settlements. The visualisation characteristics and
their assessment are also useful as guidelines for developing 3D models of informal settlements. In future,
we plan to empirically test the use of such 3D models in urban design projects in informal settlements.
Since the emergence of systematic science it has been recognized that a natural phenomenon can be described
by different models that vary in their complexity and their ability to capture the details of the features
Olivier, Laurentz Eugene; Craig, Ian K.(Elsevier, 2013-02)
The performance of a model predictive controller depends on the quality of
the plant model that is available. Often parameters in a run-of-mine (ROM)
ore milling circuit are uncertain and inaccurate parameter estimation ...
Terblanche, S.E. (Stephanus Esaias), 1940-; Stevens, Joseph Benjamin; Sekgota, Mpolaeng Gilbert(South African Society for Agricultural Extension, Department of Agriculture, Economics, Extension and Rural Development, University of Pretoria, 2014)
The Sustainable Restitution Support – South Africa (SRS-SA) program aimed at the development of a post-settlement support model that could be used to support beneficiaries of land reform in South Africa, especially those ...