Some parasitic and other natural diseases of the African elephant in the Kruger National Park

Show simple item record Basson, P.A. McCully, R.M. De Vos, Valerius Young, E. Kruger, S.P.
dc.contributor.editor South Africa. Dept. of Agricultural Technical Services
dc.contributor.editor De Lange, M.
dc.contributor.editor Reinecke, R.K.
dc.contributor.editor Walker, Jane B.
dc.contributor.editor De Kock, V.E.
dc.contributor.editor Howell, P.G. 2015-11-30T08:32:50Z 2015-11-30T08:32:50Z 2015 1971
dc.description The journals have been scanned in colour with a HP 5590 scanner; 600 dpi. Adobe Acrobat v.11 was used to OCR the text and also for the merging and conversion to the final presentation PDF-format. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Detailed descriptions are given of the lesions encountered at autopsy on a random selection of 32 free-living African elephants [Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach, 1797)]. Lymphoid nodules with inclusion bearing syncytia caused by a herpes virus were found in many lungs and similar lesions occurred in the pancreas. Suspected viral lesions somewhat resembling bovine granular vaginitis were encountered in the genitalia. Dipetalonema gossi Baylis, 1923, which was originally recorded from the abdominal cavity, was recovered from the portal veins of several animals. They proved to be responsible for severe intrahepatic vasculitis and eosinophilic hepatitis in 50% of the elephants. Grammocephalus clathratus (Baird, 1868) Railliet & Henry 1910 was constantly present in the bile ducts where fairly marked cholangitis was produced. Even mild localized pancreatitis was sometimes caused by these parasites. Parabronema africanum Baylis, 1921 was found in large numbers in gastric ulcers. A new mite, Loxanoetus bassoni Fain, 1970 was obtained from the ears. The livers of two elephants contained a few suspected schistosome ova. Siderotic and haemangiomatoid splenic lesions occurred in several adult animals. Many of the cows had multiple periuterine papillomata. Arteriosclerosis of the aorta was occasionally encountered. Skin lesions resembling porcine lesions of zinc deficiency were observed. Mycotic lesions were seen once in the lungs and lymph nodes. The aetiology of focal disseminated cystitis in 39% of the cows was not established. en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Basson, PA, McCully, RM, De Vos, V, Young, E & Kruger, SP 1971, 'Some parasitic and other natural diseases of the African elephant in the Kruger National Park’, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 239-254. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Pretoria : Government Printer en_ZA
dc.rights ©South Africa. Dept. of Agricultural Technical Services (original). ©University of Pretoria. Dept. of Library Services (digital). en_ZA
dc.subject Veterinary medicine en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary medicine -- South Africa
dc.title Some parasitic and other natural diseases of the African elephant in the Kruger National Park en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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