The Trinitarian discourse of the 4th and 5th centuries grew out of earlier developments,
whilst at the same time reflecting a renewal over against the language of the earliest Christian
sources. This article reflects on the way in which early Christianity thought about the Holy
Spirit and developed a new discourse on the basis of earlier, Jewish traditions. It situates the
development of the idea of the Holy Spirit as God’s presence in past and present within the
social history of the developing Christian movement, and shows how this idea was connected
to the concept of apostolic succession. Thus, emerging Christianity legitimised itself and its
social structures by the theology of the Holy Spirit. Its message was presented as old instead
of new, as the Holy Spirit had foretold the Christ event. Its organisation was seen as divinely
inspired, because its leaders were thought to be endowed with the Spirit. In this development,
the narrative of Luke-Acts has thoroughly influenced the way in which Christianity developed
a new discourse to present itself as old.
This research discusses the role of the baptism and infilling of the Holy Spirit in missions through a specific focus on Ghanaian Pentecostal Churches. Scripture, history, scholarly works, interviews, observations, ecumenical ...
Smit, Peter-Ben A.(Catholic Biblical Association of America, 2016-07)
Based on insights from the history of interpretation, a Synoptic comparison, linguistic considerations, and narrative observations, I argue that the unusual expression in John 19:30 indicates primarily that Jesus has ...