The seasonal growth and low forage quality of kikuyu restrict milk production. The aim of this study was to
determine the yield and nutritional value of irrigated kikuyu over-sown with perennial, Italian or Westerwolds
ryegrass grazed by dairy cows. The three pasture systems reached optimum growth during different months and
seasons. Lowest growth rates occurred during winter. Peak growth rates occurred during spring for the Italian
ryegrass–kikuyu, summer for the Westerwolds ryegrass–kikuyu, and late spring and early summer for perennial
ryegrass–kikuyu pasture. All three pasture systems had similar total annual dry matter yields (kilograms dry matter
[DM] per hectare) during year 1, but the perennial ryegrass–kikuyu pasture achieved a higher annual DM yield
during year 2. As kikuyu density increased in kikuyu–ryegrass pastures from winter to summer, the DM and neutral
detergent fibre content increased, whereas the metabolisable energy content decreased. All three treatments
were deficient in calcium during all seasons and in phosphorus during summer and autumn as a pasture for
high-producing dairy cows.
Malleson, Evelyn Rhoda(University of Pretoria, 2008-08-19)
Rumen-undegradable protein might be the first limiting nutrient for high producing dairy cows receiving high levels of maize supplementation while grazing pasture. To test this hypothesis two trials were conducted using ...
Schneider, D.J.; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B.(Published by The Government Printer, Pretoria, 1981)
The occurrence of annual ryegrass toxicity (ARGT) in sheep and cattle is reported for the first
time in South Africa. To date it has been diagnosed conclusively in South African Mutton Merino
sheep on a farm in the Caledon ...
Coetzee, Carmen(University of Pretoria, 2011-11-18)
Energy is the first-limiting nutrient for cows grazing pasture therefore, energy supplementation is necessary for high producing animals. In pasture-based systems, the concentrate is fed twice a day in the dairy parlour ...