Ownership with regard to human biological material (HBM) is addressed to some extent within South African law, specifically in chapter
eight of the National Health Act (NHA) and its associated regulations. However, members of the legal fraternity struggle to conceptualise
ownership of such materials without objectifying a person or people and risking reducing such individuals to a state of property. This then
infers a reduction in human dignity by rendering one-self or parts of that same self as a commodity. The complexity of the issue raises much
debate both legally as well as ethically.