Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Turkey, 19-21 July, 2010.
In-tube two phase vapor-liquid flows are encountered over a wide range of industrial applications, particularly in Refrigeration and Air conditioning industry. One of the major difficulties in the modeling of two phase vapor liquid flow is the determination of the geometry of the flow field, which can adopt several configurations commonly referred to as flow patterns or flow regimes. Many analytical/ semi empirical correlations are available in the literature for predominantly annular flow regime. In addition, many flow regime maps had been developed
based on experimental data. Growing computer facilities provide the flexibility to construct and use large scale computational models to calculate these complex two phase flow types and thus experimental research is not always needed. In the present work, CFD analysis of vapor- liquid flow of refrigerant, R134a at a saturation temperature of 40 °C inside a horizontal tube under transient conditions is considered. The flow regimes obtained are compared with Hajal- Thome flow regime map for a tube of diameter 8 mm and length, 1200 mm. The flow is modeled using VOF model from the existing Eulerian Eulerian models in CFD code. Because of the dynamic behavior of two phase flow, a transient simulation is performed and four commonly observed flow regimes, stratified, wavy, slug/plug and annular flow regimes  are reproduced using VOF model .