Lumpy skin disease of cattle : an emerging problem in the Sultanate of Oman

Show simple item record Tageldin, Mohamed Hassan Wallace, David Brian Gerdes, Gertruida Hermanna Putterill, John Fraser Greyling, Roelf Rudolph Phosiwa, Maanda Noaxe Al Busaidy, Rashied Mohammed Al Ismaaily, Sultan Issa 2015-09-15T05:35:25Z 2015-09-15T05:35:25Z 2014-01
dc.description.abstract Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a highly infectious disease of cattle caused by a virus belonging to the Capripoxvirus genus of the family Poxviridae. The purpose of this study is to place on record the first confirmation of LSD in the Sultanate. The disease was diagnosed and confirmed using polymerase chain reaction, histopathology, transmission electron microscopy and serum neutralization testing. The epizootic occurred in 2009 involving a large number of animals and covering a wide area including Nezwa, Alqabel, Sohar, Saham and Burimi. Morbidity and mortality rates of 29.7 and 26.3 %, and 13.6 and 15.4 % were observed at Nezwa and Sohar, respectively. The clinical signs were much more severe in Holstein–Friesian cattle compared to indigenous breeds and were characterized by multiple skin nodules covering the neck, back, perineum, tail, limbs and genital organs. Affected animals also exhibited lameness, emaciation and cessation of milk production. Oedema of limbs and brisket, and superficial lymph node enlargement were highly prominent. It is not known from where the virus originated, or how it spread to the Sultanate. The disease has become endemic in the country and is liable to extend to other Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and cause a pandemic. It is of major concern to the Omani dairy industry. Due to the widespread presence of screw worm, serious economic losses can follow outbreaks. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship South African ARC en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Tageldin, MH, Wallace, DB, Gerdes, GH, Putterill, JF, Greyling, RR, Phosiwa, MN, Al Busaidy, RM & Al Ismaaily, SI 2014, 'Lumpy skin disease of cattle : an emerging problem in the Sultanate of Oman', Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 241-246. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0049-4747 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1573-7438 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s11250-013-0483-3
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Springer en_ZA
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2013. This article is published with open access at en_ZA
dc.subject Histopathology en_ZA
dc.subject Serum neutralization en_ZA
dc.subject Sultanate of Oman en_ZA
dc.subject Lumpy skin disease (LSD) en_ZA
dc.subject Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) en_ZA
dc.subject Transmission electron microscope (TEM) en_ZA
dc.title Lumpy skin disease of cattle : an emerging problem in the Sultanate of Oman en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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