This article proposes an integrated approach to facilitate human resource
development. An appropriate performance management system is a suitable
mechanism to promote an integrated approach to human resource
management. The process and implementation of current performance management
systems in the Public Service, is described and attention is paid to the
importance of providing incentives and rewards for effective and efficient performance.
Training and development could be used as incentives, although the
strategic link between organisational effectiveness and individual satisfaction, has
to be made abundantly clear. This article also revisits some of the definitions and
proponents of human resource development and offers a more holistic view to
human resource development in the Public Service. The application of an integrated
approach in, specifically the learning organisation is discussed and some
of the more important management tools for the implementation of a learning
organisation, is described. The article concludes with the principle that current
human resource development initiatives should not be in vain, but without a
strategic intent to develop, the development will not achieve organisational effectiveness.