Malaria has affected human health globally with a significant burden of disease, and
also has impeded social and economic development in the areas where it is present. In
Africa, many countries have faced serious challenges in controlling malaria, in part due
to major limitations in public health systems and primary health care infrastructure.
Although China is a developing country, a set of control strategies and measures in
different local settings have been implemented successfully by the National Malaria
Control Programme over the last 60 years, with a low cost of investment. It is expected
that Chinese experience may benefit malaria control in Africa. This review will address
the importance and possibility of China–Africa collaboration in control of malaria in
targeted African countries, as well as how to proceed toward the goal of elimination
where this is technically feasible.