Response styles and personality traits : a multilevel analysis

Show simple item record He, Jia Bartram, Dave Inceoglu, Ilke Van de Vijver, Fons J.R. 2015-08-21T11:26:27Z 2015-08-21T11:26:27Z 2014-08
dc.description.abstract In two studies, we examined the shared and unique meaning of acquiescent, extreme, midpoint, and socially desirable responding in association with the OPQ32, a forced-choice format personality measure designed to be less affected by these response styles, compared to personality inventories with Likert scales. Country-level response style indexes were derived from six waves of the International Social Survey Programme and from a meta-analysis of a social desirability scale. In the country-level correlational analysis the four response styles formed a general response style factor which was positively associated with (1) dominance (vs. submission) in interpersonal relationships, (2) competitive (vs. modest and democratic) feelings and emotions, and (3) data rational thinking. In a multilevel analysis, age showed a positive and education a negative effect on the individual-level general response style. Negative effects of country-level socioeconomic development and individualism and positive effects of competitiveness and data rational thinking on the individual-level response style were found. We conclude that country-level response styles are systematically associated with country personality measured by the OPQ32, suggesting that they can be viewed as having substantive meaning (i.e., culturally influenced response amplification versus moderation). Implications are discussed. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation He, J, Bartram, D, Inceoglu, I & Van de Vijver, FJR 2014, 'Response styles and personality traits : a multilevel analysis', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1028-1045. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0022-0221 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1552-5422 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1177/0022022114534773
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Sage en_ZA
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2014 by Sage Publications en_ZA
dc.subject Response styles en_ZA
dc.subject Acquiescence en_ZA
dc.subject Extremity en_ZA
dc.subject Midpoint responding en_ZA
dc.subject Social desirability en_ZA
dc.subject OPQ32 en_ZA
dc.subject Big five personality en_ZA
dc.title Response styles and personality traits : a multilevel analysis en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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