This paper provides a review of available low head hydropower technologies, followed by the identification of
sites where the technologies can be implemented, applied specifically to a South African context.
The potential sites where low head hydropower can be installed in South Africa are grouped as follows: dams
and barrages (retrofitting); rivers; irrigation systems (canals and conduits); and urban areas (industrial and
urban discharge, storm water systems and water distribution systems).
Keywords: low head hydropower, review, hydropower potential