Livestock use in the Limpopo Valley of southern Africa during the Iron Age

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dc.contributor.author Fraser, Lu-Marie
dc.contributor.author Badenhorst, Shaw
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-20T06:47:31Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-20T06:47:31Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.description.abstract Socio-political developments in the Limpopo Valley are of considerable interest to Iron Age archaeologists and some have suggested a pivotal role for cattle within this context, especially during the Middle Iron Age. In the past, many faunal assemblages from the region were quantified using the Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI) only. In this study, the Cattle Index, which measures the ratio of cattle to sheep/goats in a faunal assemblage, is applied to archaeofauna from the Limpopo Valley, as well as to other Iron Age samples for which onlyMNIsare available. The resulting Cattle Indices show that wealth was not based on cattle alone in the Limpopo Valley. Most faunal samples from the Early and Middle Iron Ages are dominated by sheep/goats. However, exceptions occur at KwaGandaganda, Mamba, Bosutswe and Nqoma. During the Late Iron Age, most assemblages are dominated by cattle. We consider potential reasons for the identified Early and Middle Iron Age exceptions, and also for variable livestock numbers in general. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by a grant to S.B. from the National Research Foundation. en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.archaeologysa.co.za/saab/ en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Fraser, L-M & Badenhorst, S 2014, 'Livestock use in the Limpopo Valley of southern Africa during the Iron Age', South African Archaeological Bulletin, vol. 69, no. 200, pp. 192-198. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0038-1969
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/49109
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher South African Archaeological Society en_ZA
dc.rights South African Archaeological Society en_ZA
dc.subject Livestock en_ZA
dc.subject Limpopo Valley en_ZA
dc.subject Cattle en_ZA
dc.subject Iron Age en_ZA
dc.title Livestock use in the Limpopo Valley of southern Africa during the Iron Age en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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