Nutrition in contemporary South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Faber, Mieke
dc.contributor.author Wenhold, F.A.M. (Friedeburg Anna Maria)
dc.date.accessioned 2008-04-04T12:53:32Z
dc.date.available 2008-04-04T12:53:32Z
dc.date.issued 2007-06
dc.description.abstract In South Africa, both under- and over-nutrition exist. At national level, more than half of the females are either overweight or obese, while children suffer from under-nutrition. Childhood malnutrition starts early in life, with the first two years being the most vulnerable period. Chronic malnutrition (as indicated by the prevalence of stunting) is a bigger problem than acute malnutrition (as indicated by the prevalence of wasting). Stunted children have a higher risk for being overweight. At national level, 33.3% of preschool children are vitamin A deficient, 21.4% are anaemic and 5.0% suffer from iron deficiency anaemia. Prevalence figures for childhood malnutrition differ between and within provinces. South African children consume a maizebased diet that is inadequate in energy and of low nutrient density. Inadequate intake of micronutrients starts during infancy. Strategies to address micronutrient malnutrition include high-dose vitamin A supplementation, food fortification, biofortification and dietary diversification. The availability of a greater variety of nutritious foods at community and household level can be increased through mixed cropping, the introduction of new crops, the promotion of underexploited traditional food crops, and home-gardens. A broad multifaceted comprehensive health intervention programme is needed to address childhood malnutrition. en
dc.format.extent 420642 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.citation Faber, M & Wenhold, F 2007, 'Nutrition in contemporary South Africa', Water SA, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 393-400. [http://www.wrc.org.za/publications_watersa.htm] en
dc.identifier.issn 1816-7950
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/4874
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Water Research Council en
dc.rights Water Research Council en
dc.subject Nutritional status en
dc.subject Adults en
dc.subject Children en
dc.subject Dietary diversification en
dc.subject South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Malnutrition in children -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Vitamins in human nutrition
dc.subject.lcsh Vegetable gardening
dc.subject.lcsh Crop diversification
dc.subject.lcsh Backyard gardens
dc.title Nutrition in contemporary South Africa en
dc.type Article en


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