Predictors of smoking among Ugandan adolescents between 2007 and 2011

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dc.contributor.advisor Ayo-Yusuf, Olalekan A. en
dc.contributor.postgraduate Ebusu, Paul en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-02T11:06:59Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-02T11:06:59Z
dc.date.created 2015/04/24 en
dc.date.issued 2015 en
dc.description Dissertation (MPH)--University of Pretoria, 2015. en
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: There are limited studies that have explored smoking predictors among Ugandan adolescents over time. This study investigated factors influencing smoking among Ugandan adolescents between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using secondary data from 2007 and 2011 Ugandan Global Youth Tobacco Surveys (n=7,505). Data analysis included chi-square and multivariate logistic regression. The level of statistical significance was set at p< 0.05. RESULTS: Of the participants, 49.9% (n=3,746) were smokers. Over time, there was a reduction in the prevalence of smoking among boys (10.8% vs. 6.1%; p=0.01), but not among girls (5.0% vs. 4.8%; p=0.48). After controlling for potential confounders, having both parents smoking (OR=7.52; 95%CI: 1.23-45.91), close friends smoking (OR= 6.59, 95%CI: 3.70-11.74) and exposure to second-hand smoke at home (OR= 3.69, 95%CI: 2.0-6.74) were associated with increased odds of smoking among all Ugandan adolescents. CONCLUSION: Given the observed gender differences in smoking trends, it is recommended that more attention be given to motivating adolescent girls not to take up smoking or, for those who have already started smoking, to quit. Furthermore, in addition to greater enforcement of the ban in public smoking, there is a need for public education to promote the voluntary adoption of smoke-free homes. en
dc.description.availability Unrestricted en
dc.description.degree MPH en
dc.description.department School of Health Systems and Public Health (SHSPH) en
dc.description.librarian tm2015 en
dc.identifier.citation Ebusu, P 2015, Predictors of smoking among Ugandan adolescents between 2007 and 2011, MPH Dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd <http://hdl.handle.net/2263/46149> en
dc.identifier.other A2015 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/46149
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University of Pretoria en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria. en
dc.subject UCTD en
dc.subject Uganda
dc.subject Gender differences
dc.subject Predictors of smoking
dc.subject GYTS
dc.subject Smoking prevalence
dc.subject Adolescents
dc.title Predictors of smoking among Ugandan adolescents between 2007 and 2011 en
dc.type Dissertation en


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