Water resources, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions of the world are of
great concern, as they are closely linked to the wellbeing of humankind. Sophisticated
hydrological prediction tools are required to assess climatic and hydrometeorological
conditions, as they impact the sustainability of water resources as well as water availability.
Research and data collection activities from multi-hydrometeorological sensors (e.g.,
gauges, radars, satellites) form the basis for quantifying the impact of extreme episodes along
the hydrologic phases that manifest in terms of the magnitude, duration and frequency
of floods, droughts and other hydrometeorological hazards that affect water resources
management. A number of hydrometeorological research activities have been reported in the
literature by various researchers and research groups globally. This contribution presents
(a) a review of the hydrometeorology resource landscape in South Africa; (b) an analysis of
the hydrometeorology services and products in South Africa; (c) a review of the
hydrometeorological research that has been conducted in South Africa for the last four
decades; and (d) highlights on some of the challenges facing the sustained advancement of
research in hydrometeorology in South Africa.