During a lecture in 1999, Geert Mak, a well-known Dutch writer of non-ﬁction, complained that in the complex relationship between ﬁction and literature, there
are two common misconceptions. The ﬁrst is that all written works of ﬁction are literature. The second seems to be even more prevalent; it states that all literary texts are ﬁction. Hence, this leads to the question: what is the status of non-ﬁction, fact-based literature, literary reportage, and creative non-ﬁction?