Efficacy of alphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene mesh applied to jet stalls housing horses against Culicoides biting midges in South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Page, Patrick Collin
dc.contributor.author Labuschagne, Karien
dc.contributor.author Venter, Gert J.
dc.contributor.author Schoeman, Johan P.
dc.contributor.author Guthrie, Alan John
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-19T06:15:38Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-19T06:15:38Z
dc.date.issued 2015-05
dc.description.abstract The efficacy of alphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene (HDPE) mesh appliedto jet stalls against Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) was determined bymechanical aspiration of midges from horses and using Onderstepoort 220 V downdraughtblack light traps in four blocks of a 3 × 2 randomised design under South African fieldconditions. The alphacypermethrin-treated HDPE mesh applied to the stall significantly(P = 0.008) reduced the number of Culicoides midges, predominantly Culicoides (Avaritia)imicola Kieffer, mechanically aspirated from horses housed in the stall. The mesh reducedthe Culicoides midge attack rate in the treated stall compared to the untreated stall and asentinel horse by 6 times and 14 times, respectively. The number of Culicoides midges andC. imicola collected in light traps from the untreated and alphacypermethrin HDPE mesh-treated stalls did not differ significantly (P = 0.82). Alphacypermethrin-treated HDPE meshcould be used to reduce exposure of horses in jet stalls to Culicoides midges, specifically C.imicola, and the risk of midge-borne Orbivirus transmission. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2016-05-30 en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The Equine Research Centre, MarySlack and Daughters Foundation, and the National ResearchFoundation (Grant 89686) en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/vetpar en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Page, PC, Labuschagne, K, Venter, GJ, Schoeman, JP & Guthrie, AJ 2015, 'Efficacy of alphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene mesh applied to jet stalls housing horses against Culicoides biting midges in South Africa', Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 210, no. 1-2, pp. 84-90. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0304-4017 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1873-2550 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.02.007
dc.identifier.other 7006535470
dc.identifier.other J-6375-2013
dc.identifier.other 0000-0001-7729-9918
dc.identifier.other 7005814117
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/45604
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Veterinary Parasitology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 210, no. 1-2, pp. 84-90, 2015. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.02.007 en_ZA
dc.subject Culicoides imicola en_ZA
dc.subject Mechanical aspiration en_ZA
dc.subject Light trap en_ZA
dc.subject Pyrethroid en_ZA
dc.subject African horse sickness en_ZA
dc.subject High density polyethylene (HDPE) en_ZA
dc.title Efficacy of alphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene mesh applied to jet stalls housing horses against Culicoides biting midges in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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