Outcomes with OAE and AABR screening in the first 48h-implications for newborn hearing screening in developing countries

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dc.contributor.author Van Dyk, Michelle
dc.contributor.author Swanepoel, De Wet
dc.contributor.author Hall, James W. (James Wilbur), 1948-
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-25T12:22:35Z
dc.date.available 2015-05-25T12:22:35Z
dc.date.issued 2015-07
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE : Early discharge of newborns (<24 hours after birth) from birthing centres is an important barrier to successful newborn hearing screening (NHS) in developing countries. This study evaluated the outcome of NHS within the first 48 hours using an automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) device without the need for costly disposables typically required, and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE). METHODS : NHS was performed on one hundred and fifty healthy newborns (300 ears) with TEOAE and AABR techniques before discharge at a hospital. A three-stage screening protocol was implemented consisting of an initial screen with TEOAE (GSI AUDIOscreener+) and AABR (Beraphone MB 11). Infants were screened at several time points as early as possible after birth. Infants were only re-screened if either screening technique (TEOAE or AABR) initially yielded a refer outcome. The same audiologist performed all TEOAE and AABR screenings. RESULTS : Over the three-stage screen AABR had a significantly lower refer rate of 16.7% (24/144 subjects) compared to TEOAE (37.9%; 55/145 subjects). Screening refer rate showed a progressive decrease with increasing age. For both TEOAE and AABR, refer rate per ear screened 24 hours post birth was significantly lower than for those screened before 24 hours. For infants screened before 12 hours post birth, the AABR refer rate per ear (51.1%) was significantly lower than the TEOAE refer rate (68.9%). Overall AABR refer rate per ear was similar for infants screened between 24 to 36 hours (20.2%) and 36 to 48 hours (18.9%) but significantly lower than for TEOAE (40.7% and 41.9%, respectively). Lowest initial refer rates per ear (TEOAE 25.8%, AABR 3.2%) were obtained after 48 hours post birth. CONCLUSION : In light of the early post birth discharge typical in developing countries like South Africa, in-hospital screening with AABR technology is significantly more effective than TEOAEs. AABR screening with a device like the MB 11 is particularly appropriate because disposable costs are negligible. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2016-07-30
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijporl en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Van Dyk, M, Swanepoel, DW & Hall, JW 2015, 'Outcomes with OAE and AABR screening in the first 48h-implications for newborn hearing screening in developing countries', International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 1034-1040. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0165-5876 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1872-8464 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.04.021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/45258
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol. x, no. y, pp. z-zz, date. doi : 10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.04.021 en_ZA
dc.subject Age at screen en_ZA
dc.subject Developing countries en_ZA
dc.subject Early intervention en_ZA
dc.subject Otoacoustic emissions en_ZA
dc.subject Newborn hearing screening (NHS) en_ZA
dc.subject Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) en_ZA
dc.subject Automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) en_ZA
dc.title Outcomes with OAE and AABR screening in the first 48h-implications for newborn hearing screening in developing countries en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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