“Attainment of competency in management and leadership is no longer an optional extra for doctors” (Clark & Armit, 2008).
Is management training recognised as necessary and important by professionals who ascend into leadership positions? Are professionals prepared to undertake management training or are their professional qualifications adequate to allow them to be effective managers as leaders? There are three concepts involved here, namely
The aim of the study was therefore to gain an in depth understanding of whether or not professional leaders need to be managerially trained. The study also attempted to establish the type/aspects of management training that the leaders should be trained in, and whether other factors such as experience influence the need for management training. Ultimately, the success or failure of management training for professional leaders needs to be assessed against the performance of their organisations and the self.
An in depth literature review of the concepts of the research was conducted. The Chief Executive Officers of various tertiary/central academic hospitals were selected to be interviewed for this qualitative study by means of the purposive, quota sampling technique. In depth semi-structured interviews were held with seven academic hospital CEOs, with interviews lasting on average 1 hour 36 minutes (see Appendix B). The CEOs were also requested to complete the long Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. The information received was analysed using a mixture of content, constant comparative, phenomenological, narrative, and discourse analysis.
The key findings revealed that management training was necessary as an entity and should be attained regardless of professional training, leadership, or management experience. It was also noted, interestingly, that although the CEOs person-organisation fit was a high 71% and turnover intent a low 14%, job satisfaction was only average in the region of 60%. The sample number was too small to make meaningful conclusions. It is hoped that the findings of this
study will stir the need to include management training in the curriculum of professional trainings.