The same techniques may be used in the complement fixation test (CFT) for the serological diagnosis of bovine brucellosis, Johne's disease (paratuberculosis), dourine, equine piroplasmosis and Q fever (caused by Coxiella burnetii). The reproducibility of results is excellent, falling for the most part within the twofold range and never exceeding the fourfold range. Agreement with other laboratories is excellent (i.e. within twofold) in the case of brucellosis and equine piroplasmosis antibody titres. A good correlation between the occurrence of the disease and serological reactions is found on circumstantial evidence in the cases of dourine, Johne's disease and Q fever. A standard unitage system is used to report the antibody titres found in all the tests. To simplify laboratory protocols, laboratories required to employ the CFT for the diagnosis of these diseases are advised to use a single proven technique in all the tests. Problems experienced with transient false-positive Johne's disease antibody titres in cattle following on tuberculin (bovine and avian) testing make it advisable to take specimens for the Johne's disease test prior to performing the tuberculin tests.
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