Communication characteristics of young children with HIV in South Africa as reported by some physicians

Show simple item record Hattam, Michelle Louw, Brenda Geertsema, Salome 2015-03-19T08:13:06Z 2015-03-19T08:13:06Z 2014
dc.description.abstract HIV has been shown to have significant effects on the development of a child. Currently, there is limited South African research regarding HIV and specific characteristics of communication development, and the treatment thereof, in the child infected with HIV. The objective of the research was to describe the communication characteristics of a group of children between the ages of 0 and 5 years infected with HIV at a hospital in Gauteng, South Africa. Clinic records of 203 children infected with HIV between the ages of 0 and 5 years were reviewed using a pre-designed checklist within the outreach clinic of a large regional hospital. A questionnaire was completed by four medical practitioners working with this population within the outreach clinic. A total of 91.62% of the infected children were diagnosed as being either in Stage III or IV of the disease (according to the WHO classification system of 2005), with all infants presenting with a CD4 count of ≤60. Most (75.37% of the total sample) were receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) at the time the data were collected. According to their medical, social, communication and general development, almost all the children qualified for Early Communication Intervention (ECI) but were not recorded as being referred for such services. A large proportion of the target population presented with opportunistic infections and/or HIV associated conditions. The results highlight the developmental characteristics of children living with HIV, and identify the need for medical doctors and allied health professionals to be provided with relevant literature or training regarding the communication development of children infected with HIV. This will facilitate appropriate referrals for ECI services. en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2016-01-02 en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Michelle Hattam, Brenda Louw & Salome Geertsema (2014) Communication characteristics of young children with HIV in South Africa as reported by some physicians, African Journal of AIDS Research, 13:4, 371-382, DOI:10.2989/16085906.2014.985236 en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1608-5906 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1727-9445 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.2989/16085906.2014.985236
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Routledge en_ZA
dc.rights © NISC (Pty) Ltd. This is an electronic version of an article published in African Journal of Aids Research, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 371-382, 2014. doi : 10.2989/16085906.2014.985236. African Journal of Aids Research is available online at : http://www.tandfonline.comloi/raar20 en_ZA
dc.subject Early Communication Intervention (ECI) en_ZA
dc.subject Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) en_ZA
dc.subject Opportunistic infections en_ZA
dc.subject Speech-language therapists and audiologists (SLTAs) en_ZA
dc.title Communication characteristics of young children with HIV in South Africa as reported by some physicians en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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