The study was conducted to evaluate the operation, facilities and management of public (Adama Hawassa and Mekelle) and private ( Elfora Kombolcha) abattoirs in Ethiopia. Direct observation, photograph and discussion with the workers were used to collect information. The results of this study revealed that lairage was not divides into compartments to accommodate different classes and types of slaughter cattle in two of the four abattoirs visited. Stunning boxes were not used at many abattoirs investigated, enervation method of stunning was practiced and there were no means of sterilizing cutting equipments. Even though anti-and post mortem inspection were conducted properly at all abittoirs, findings were not regularly recorded in public abattoirs. Weighing scales were not available at the public abattoirs while live and carcasses weights were regularly recorded at the private abattoir. Carcass contamination occurred during processing and/or during transport in the public abattoirs. Classification of carcasses occurred not practiced in public or private abattoirs. It was concluded that the
management practiced in public and private abattoirs can partly contributed to the poor beef quality produced. Hence it was recommended that the country should develop legislation governing the operation of abattoirs. Moreover, hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) should be established in all abattoirs to ensure animal welfare , maximum efficiency and beef quality.