This article traces the origins and development of the Scottish Presbyterian mission in South
Africa through its Scottish antecedents to its actual establishment in South Africa in 1824 until the
end of the first phase of the mission in 1865. It begins by examining the Scottish context, the
contribution of voluntary societies and the “Disruption”, both of which had serious implications
for missionary growth. It then moves to South Africa and examines the birth of the mission
through mission stations, institutions and the participation of black people.