Molecular markers delimit cryptic species in Ceratocystis sensu stricto

Show simple item record Fourie, Arista Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield, Brenda D. Barnes, Irene 2015-01-28T10:22:26Z 2015-01-28T10:22:26Z 2015
dc.description.abstract Ceratocystis sensu stricto is a genus of closely related fungi that are mostly plant pathogens. Morphological variation between species in this genus is limited and species delineation is strongly reliant on phylogenetic inference. Primary support for many of the species is based on the ITS region which, on its own, can be used to delineate all species described in the genus. However, the recent discovery of two ITS types in a single isolate of Ceratocystis questions the use of this marker in taxonomic studies. The aim of this study was to consider the potential use of alternative gene regions to support the species boundaries in this genus. The phylogenetic value of the βT 1 and EF 1-α gene regions, generally used in combination with ITS, were re-evaluated and compared to five single copy protein coding genes (CAL, RPBII, MS204, FG1093 and Mcm7). As an alternative approach, genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified and evaluated as diagnostic markers to distinguish between the species. Fifteen species residing in Ceratocystis were used in this study. None of the protein coding genes could be used to distinguish all species but a combination of the βT 1, MS204 and RPBII gene regions resolved 11 of the 15 described species. Unique SNP markers were identified for 13 of the species and these provided significant additional support for most of the established taxon boundaries. Other than ITS, none of the markers tested could distinguish between C. acaciivora and C. manginecans and these species are, therefore, reduced to synonymy with the name C. manginecans being retained. Results of this study also revealed the likely existence of additional species in Ceratocystis. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP), the National Research Foundation (NRF) as well as the Genomics Research Institute (GRI) at the University of Pretoria. Also the Thuthuka Foundation (grant no 80670) . en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://link.springer.comjournal/11557 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Fourie, A, Wingfield, MJ, Wingfield, BD & Barnes, I 2014, 'Molecular markers delimit cryptic species in Ceratocystis sensu stricto', Mycological Progress, vol. 11, art. #1020, pp. 1-18 en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1617-416X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1861-8952 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s11557-014-1020-0
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Springer en_ZA
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2014. This article is published with open access at This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited. en_ZA
dc.subject Ceratocystis sensu stricto en_ZA
dc.subject Genealogical concordance phylogenetic species recognition en_ZA
dc.subject ITS en_ZA
dc.subject Phylogenetics en_ZA
dc.subject Single nucleotide polymorphism en_ZA
dc.subject Species identification en_ZA
dc.title Molecular markers delimit cryptic species in Ceratocystis sensu stricto en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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