Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for feline hyperthyroidism : a review

Show simple item record McLean, Joanne L. Lobetti, R.G. (Remo Giuseppe) Schoeman, Johan P. 2015-01-27T11:39:46Z 2015-01-27T11:39:46Z 2014-11-14
dc.description.abstract Since first reported in the late 1970s, there has been a steady but dramatic increase in the worldwide prevalence of hyperthyroidism in cats. It is now regarded as the most common feline endocrine disorder, with diabetes mellitus coming a close second. Not only is there evidence for an increased worldwide prevalence of feline hyperthyroidism, but also for geographical variation in the prevalence of the disease. Despite its frequency, the underlying cause(s) of this common disease is or are not known, and therefore prevention of the disease is not possible. Due to the multiple risk factors that have been described for feline hyperthyroidism, however, it is likely that more than one factor is involved in its pathogenesis. Continuous, lifelong exposure to environmental thyroid-disruptor chemicals or goitrogens in food or water, acting together or in an additive fashion, may lead to euthyroid goitre and ultimately to autonomous adenomatous hyperplasia, thyroid adenoma and hyperthyroidism. This review aims to summarise the available published evidence for the changes observed in the worldwide prevalence of the disease, as well as risk factors that may contribute to development of hyperthyroidism in susceptible cats. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian tm2015 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation McLean, J.L., Lobetti, R.G. & Schoeman, J.P., 2014, ‘Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for feline hyperthyroidism: A review’, Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 85(1), Art. #1097, 6 pages. jsava.v85i1.1097. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0038-2809 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2224-9435 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4102/ jsava.v85i1.1097
dc.identifier.other 7005814117
dc.identifier.other J-6765-2013
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher AOSIS OpenJournals Publishing en_ZA
dc.rights © 2014. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS OpenJournals. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Feline hyperthyroidism en_ZA
dc.subject Feline endocrine disorder en_ZA
dc.subject Thyroid-disruptor chemicals en_ZA
dc.subject Euthyroid goitre en_ZA
dc.subject Susceptible cats en_ZA
dc.subject Thyrotoxicosis en_ZA
dc.title Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for feline hyperthyroidism : a review en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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