Ethiopian beef carcass characteristics

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dc.contributor.author Mummed, Yesihak Yusuf
dc.contributor.author Webb, E.C. (Edward Cottington)
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-19T10:24:22Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-19T10:24:22Z
dc.date.issued 2014-12
dc.description.abstract This study was conducted to evaluate beef carcass characteristics of cattle slaughtered at local abattoirs in Ethiopia. About 10% of carcasses (3080) were collected from Adama, Hawassa, Mekelle and Kombolcha abattoirs between August 2013 and January 2014. The results of the study showed that 98.56% of cattle slaughtered were indigenous cattle while 1.44% was Holstein Frisian. The average carcass weight of indigenous cattle was 135.90 + 0.69 kg. Carcass weight was significantly (p<0.001) different between abattoirs, season, conformation grades, fat grades and categories of cattle. Conformation grade 1, 2 and 3 accounted for 30, 34.29 and 35.71% of carcasses evaluated, respectively. Fat grade1, 2 and 3 accounted for 67.5, 23.57 and 8.93% of carcasses evaluated, respectively. Intact bulls, castrated bulls, growing bulls and cows accounted for 26.07, 64.64, 3.95 and 5.36% cattle slaughtered, respectively. Higher carcass weight, higher proportion of superior conformation and fat grade were observed in the wet season compared to the dry season. Inferior conformation and fat grades were relatively higher for cows (80 and 84.42%) and castrated bulls (37.57 and 67.96%) compared to other categories of cattle. From the study it was concluded that the use of dairy beef was very low in Ethiopia. The proportion of carcass with little /no fat cover (fat grade 1) was very high. The relatively better carcasses weight, conformation and fat grades in the wet season compared to the dry season indicates the opportunities to improve carcass weight and quality through better feeding management. en_ZA
dc.description.librarian tm2015 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship University of Haramaya and University of Pretoria post graduate bursary en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mummed, YY & Webb, EC 2014, 'Ethiopian beef carcass characteristics', African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 9, no. 51, pp. 3766-3775. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1991-637X
dc.identifier.other 10.5897/AJAR2014.9102
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/43122
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher African Journal of Agricultural Research en_ZA
dc.rights © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0. en_ZA
dc.subject Beef carcass weight en_ZA
dc.subject Conformation and fat grades en_ZA
dc.subject Local abattoirs en_ZA
dc.subject Ethiopia en_ZA
dc.title Ethiopian beef carcass characteristics en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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