Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southern African Transport Conference 7-10 July 2014 "Leading Transport into the Future", CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa.
The Southern African Development community (SADC) has seen both man-made and natural disasters killing over 68,000 people and affecting millions in the past 33 years. Most of these deaths are results of lack of infrastructure and preparedness. With consideration to the challenges faced by the region, this paper has emphases more on the last mile transportation of resources, victims, emergency supplies. The aim of this study is to optimize the effectiveness (quick-response) and efficiency (low-cost) of logistics activities including humanitarian supply chain. Historical data from reviewed literature was utilized for data collection. The literature review also helped determine the impact of disaster relief chains and led to the development of a mathematical model to equip the region with mechanisms for response and recovery operations.
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