A sensitive and reliable enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of antibodies to Cowdria ruminantium in serum and C. ruminantium antigen in Amblyomma hebraeum nymphae is described. For the screening of antibodies, C. ruminantium from A. hebraeum nymphae, partially purified by wheat-germ lectin affinity chromatography, was used as antigen. To screen nymph populations, sera from either Ball 3 strain-infected sheep or Kumm-strain infected mice were used. By using appropriate controls the assays were rendered specific with respect to C. ruminantium.
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