Thriving, permanent colonies of Musca xanthomelas and later of Musca nevilli were successfully established. However, because of the low reproduction potential of Musca lusoria a small colony only was kept for a limited period until life-cycle studies were completed. Larvae were reared on fresh dung from cattle fed lucerne, while in general adults were fed 0,3 % citrated ox-blood, whole milk powder, sugar crystals, fresh dung and water. M. nevilli could be colonized only when ox-liver was substituted for ox-blood. A comparison of the life-cycles of M. lusoria and M. xanthomelas under laboratory conditions at a constant temperature of approximately 27 °C, 60 % R.H. and 24 h illumination revealed major differences between these 2 vector species. M. lusoria deposits single larvae at intervals of approximately 2 days and a female can produce up to 27 in her life-time. An M. xanthomelas female can lay up to 4 batches of eggs, with as many as 33 eggs per batch, at intervals of approximately 5 days. A single female can produce a maximum of 94 eggs. M. lusoria, however, showed survival advantages over M. xanthomelas in that its larvae reached the pupal stage at least a day sooner and its adults survived more than twice as long. The life-cycles of M. xanthomelas and M. nevilli were similar in the laboratory, except for adult dietary requirements. The mean number of mature oocytes in the ovaries of M. nevilli, however, was only 15,7 compared with 26,1 in M. xanthomelas.
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