Effect of pre-partum feed supplementation on post-partum ovarian activity, milk production and calf growth of small holder dairy cattle in Cameroon

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dc.contributor.author Bayemi Pougue, Henri Dieudonne
dc.contributor.author Nsongka, M.V. (Munji Victorine)
dc.contributor.author Leinyuy, Isabelle
dc.contributor.author Webb, E.C. (Edward Cottington)
dc.contributor.author Nchadji, Justin Mbanya
dc.contributor.author Cavestany, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Bryant, Mike
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-10T10:42:18Z
dc.date.issued 2015-01
dc.description.abstract Seventy-two cows were selected for an on-farm study on the effect of feed supplementation before calving on milk production, ovarian activity and calf growth of Holstein, indigenous Red Fulani cows and their crosses. Prepartum feed supplementation was done using cotton seed cake (80 %), maize (18 %), bone meal (1 %) and kitchen salt (1 % NaCl). Supplementation levels consisted of a low supplementation fed at 1 kg per animal per day and high supplementation fed at 2 kg per animal per day. In addition, Red Fulani cows received the supplements in two different ways namely a prepartum supplementation consisting of 1 kg per cow per day and pre- and post-partum supplementation consisting of 1 kg per cow per day before calving and 1 kg per cow per day postpartum up to 30 days after calving. Blood samples were analysed using ELISA Progesterone kits to determine the length of post-partum anoestrus. Results show that prepartum levels of feeding did not have any effect (P>0.05) on body condition score (BCS) at 12 weeks after calving, calf birth weight, average daily weight gain of calves, milk production and post-partum anoestrus. High BCS at calving was shown to influence BCS at 12 weeks of lactation. Holstein cows had bigger calves (P<0.01) at birth (45 kg) compared to traditional cows (36 kg) and crosses (34 kg). There was little benefit of pre-partum supplementation on the parameters investigated in this study. Consequently, low income farmers are advised to concentrate their efforts of supplementation early in lactation. en_US
dc.description.embargo 2015-10-30
dc.description.librarian hj2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the African Development Bank. en_US
dc.description.uri http://link.springer.com/journal/11250 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Bayemi Pougue, HD, Nsongka, MV, Leinyuy, I, Webb, EC, Nchadji, JM, Cavestany, D & Bryant, M 2015, 'Effect of pre-partum feed supplementation on post-partum ovarian activity, milk production and calf growth of small holder dairy cattle in Cameroon', Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 153-158. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1573-7438 (online)
dc.identifier.issn 0049-4747 (print)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s11250-014-0700-8
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/42553
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.rights © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014. The original publication is available at : http://link.springer.com/journal/11250 en_US
dc.subject Cameroon en_US
dc.subject ELISA en_US
dc.subject Progesterone en_US
dc.subject Pre-partum supplementation en_US
dc.subject Prostaglandins en_US
dc.title Effect of pre-partum feed supplementation on post-partum ovarian activity, milk production and calf growth of small holder dairy cattle in Cameroon en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US


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