The ultrastructure of Cowdria ruminantium was studied in thin sections of choroid plexus from experimentally
infected sheep. Glutaraldehyde fixation and osmium tetroxide postfixation were used. The
organism developed within the confines of a membrane-bound vacuole in the cytoplasm of endothelial
cells. Four different forms, or particles, of the organism could be identified: small, intermediate, large and
very large or giant forms. The various forms differed not only in size but also in the appearance and distribution
of the nucleoid and "cytoplasmic" material within their inner structure. Within any one vacuole,
in the host cell cytoplasm, the organisms were of the same form or type. Multiplication of the organism
took place mainly by binary fission of the small and intermediate forms. Infrequent evidence was found
that reproduction may also take place by the process of multiple budding and endosporulation. Small
forms of the organism were embedded in a well developed matrix. Small and large forms were seen
extracellularly, lying free in the lumen of blood vessels. Rarely small forms were seen in vacuoles in the
cytoplasm of monocytes. The taxonomic position of C. ruminantium is discussed.
The journals have been scanned in colour with a HP 5590 scanner; 600 dpi. Adobe Acrobat v.11 was used to OCR the text and also for the merging and conversion to the final presentation PDF-format.