Following several clinical cases of suspected bovine virus diarrhoea (BVD) on three Namibian cattle farms, a serological survey was conducted on bovine, ovine, caprine and wild ruminant sera originating from different regions of the country. Neutralizing antibodies to BVD virus (BVDV) were detected in 58% of 1 014 cattle sera, 14% of 618 sheep sera and 4,6% of 1 118 goat sera. Sera from seven of ten wildlife species were positive with kudu, eland and giraffe having prevalence rates greater than 40%. BVDV was isolated from six clinically affected bovines and three healthy heifers persistently infected with BVDV. The survey demonstrated that pestivirus infections are widespread in Namibia in both domestic and wild ruminants.
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