Space use of African wild dogs in relation to other large carnivores

Show simple item record Darnell, Angela M. Graf, Jan A. Somers, Michael J. Slotow, Robert Gunther, Micaela Szykman 2014-08-12T11:23:09Z 2014-08-12T11:23:09Z 2014-06-04
dc.description.abstract Interaction among species through competition is a principle process structuring ecological communities, affecting behavior, distribution, and ultimately the population dynamics of species. High competition among large African carnivores, associated with extensive diet overlap, manifests in interactions between subordinate African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) and dominant lions (Panthera leo) and spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta). Using locations of large carnivores in Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, South Africa, we found different responses from wild dogs to their two main competitors. Wild dogs avoided lions, particularly during denning, through a combination of spatial and temporal avoidance. However, wild dogs did not exhibit spatial or temporal avoidance of spotted hyenas, likely because wild dog pack sizes were large enough to adequately defend their kills. Understanding that larger carnivores affect the movements and space use of other carnivores is important for managing current small and fragmented carnivore populations, especially as reintroductions and translocations are essential tools used for the survival of endangered species, as with African wild dogs. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Smithsonian Institution Undersecretary for Science Endowment Funds, the American Zoo and Aquarium Association Conservation Endowment Fund, and Humboldt State University Sponsored Program Foundation (MSG); University of Pretoria, The Green Trust (WWFSA), and Bateleurs and Wildlife Conservation Trust (KZN) (MS); NRF, NSF, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Walt Disney Foundation and MGM, Wild about Cats, and Hluhluwe Tourism Association (RS); and THRIP (N. Ferguson) and Grand Hotel grants (C. Packer). en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Darnell AM, Graf JA, Somers MJ, Slotow R, Szykman Gunther M (2014) Space Use of African Wild Dogs in Relation to Other Large Carnivores. PLoS ONE 9(6): e98846. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098846. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.other 10.1371/journal.pone.0098846
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.rights © 2014 Darnell et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en_US
dc.subject Carnivores en_US
dc.subject Dynamics of species en_US
dc.subject Extensive diet en_US
dc.subject Hluhluwe-iMfolozi park, South Africa en_US
dc.subject African wild dogs en_US
dc.title Space use of African wild dogs in relation to other large carnivores en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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