The emerging pattern of disability in Rwanda

Show simple item record M'kumbuzi, Vyvienne R.P. Sagahutu, J.-B. Kagwiza, J. Urimubenshi, G. Mostert-Wentzel, Karien 2014-08-11T09:39:43Z 2014-08-11T09:39:43Z 2014
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the emerging pattern of disability (activity limitation) in terms of its prevalence, age and gender distribution in Rwanda. METHOD: A door-to- door survey was conducted in all households in villages from two districts selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure. Identified persons were screened for activity limitations using age-appropriate instruments developed from domains in the ICF. Proportions were computed and disaggregated by age group, gender, district and activity limitation. A multidisciplinary rehabilitation team including community members participated in the development of instruments, community mobilisation, data collection and collation. RESULTS: Prevalence rates of 8.6% (Bugesera) and 14.7% (Musanze) were obtained. The prevalence of disability was higher in adults than in children in both districts (10.4% versus 6.6% in Bugesera and 19.6% versus 7.7% in Musanze). Visual limitations occurred the most frequently in both adults and children in both districts. Mobility and mental health limitations also notably contributed to the overall disability burden. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of disability obtained was higher than all previously reported data for Rwanda. Despite the limitations, the findings provide useful information for planning rehabilitation services and to direct future enquiry into the epidemiology of disability in Rwanda. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Kigali Health Institute in both districts and further assistance given by Rilima Rehabilitation Centre in Bugesera, through an Italian technical grant. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation M’kumbuzi, VRP, Sagahutu, J-B, Kagwiza, J, Urimubenshi, G & Mostert-Wentzel, K 2014, 'The emerging pattern of disability in Rwanda', Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 26-33. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0963-8288 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1464-5165 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.3109/09638288.2013.798361
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Informa Healthcare en_US
dc.rights © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. en_US
dc.subject Community-survey en_US
dc.subject Prevalence of disability en_US
dc.subject Rwanda en_US
dc.title The emerging pattern of disability in Rwanda en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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