This experiment was conducted with the aim to define the weaning age of camel calves managed with pastoral
farmers in eastern Ethiopia. Twenty camel calves (11 males and 9 females) were randomly assigned into five blocks
based on their birth date. Calves within a block were further assigned to one of the four Treatments (T1, T2, T3, and T4).
Calves in T1, T2, and T3 were weaned at 6, 8, and 10 months of age and supplemented with concentrate from weaning
up to 12 months of age, respectively. They were supplemented with a mixture of noug seed (Guizotia abyssinica) cake
and wheat bran at a ratio of 40% and 60%, respectively. Calves in T4 (control) were weaned at 12 months of age, hence
were not supplemented with concentrate. Calves in all treatment groups browsed natural vegetation for 8 hours a day.
Post weaning performance was evaluated for all calves at 14 months of age. The mean daily concentrate intake was
significantly higher (P < 0.001) in the dry season compared to the wet season. Daily weight gain was significantly
(P < 0.001) affected by treatment, sex of calves, and season of birth. Calves supplemented with concentrate gained
relatively more weight (P < 0.001) than calves not supplemented. Calves born during the short rainy season gained
more weight than those born during the short and long dry season. Three calves died, two from T3 and one from T4.
From the study it was concluded that weaning calves at 8 months of age and supplementing with concentrate to the
age of 12 months of age resulted in good post weaning growth rate and survivability of calves.