Paediatric otitis media at a primary healthcare clinic in South Africa

Show simple item record Biagio-de Jager, Leigh Swanepoel, De Wet Laurent, Claude Lundberg, Thorbjörn 2014-08-08T11:01:31Z 2014-08-08T11:01:31Z 2014-06
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND. No published studies on the prevalence of paediatric otitis media at primary healthcare clinics (PHCs) in South Africa (SA) are available. OBJECTIVE. To examine the point prevalence of otitis media in a paediatric population in a PHC in Johannesburg, SA, using otomicroscopy. METHODS. A sample of 140 children aged 2 - 16 years (mean 6.4; 44.1% females) were recruited from patients attending the PHC. Otomicroscopy was completed for each of the participants’ ears by a specialist otologist using a surgical microscope. RESULTS. Cerumen removal was necessary in 36.0% of participants (23.5% of ears). Otitis media with effusion was the most frequent diagnosis (16.5%). Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) was diagnosed in 6.6% of children and was the most common type of otitis media in participants aged 6 - 15 years. Acute otitis media was only diagnosed in the younger 2 - 5-year age group (1.7%). Otitis media was significantly more prevalent among younger (31.4%) than older children (16.7%). CONCLUSION. CSOM prevalence, as classified by the World Health Organization, was high. Consequently diagnosis, treatment and subsequent referral protocols may need to be reviewed to prevent CSOM complications. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Biagio, L, Swanepoel, DW, Laurent, C & Lundberg, T 2014, 'Paediatric otitis media at a primary healthcare clinic in South Africa', South African Medical Journal, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 431-435. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0256-9574 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-5135 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.7196/SAMJ.7534
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Health and Medical Publishing Group en_US
dc.rights Health and Medical Publishing Group en_US
dc.subject Paediatric otitis media en_US
dc.subject Primary health care clinics en_US
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_US
dc.title Paediatric otitis media at a primary healthcare clinic in South Africa en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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