Molecular and morphological observations on Parasitodiplogaster sycophilon Poinar, 1979 (Nematoda : Diplogastrina) associated with Ficus burkei in Africa

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dc.contributor.author Wohr, Meike
dc.contributor.author Greeff, Jaco M. (Jacobus Maree)
dc.contributor.author Kanzaki, Natsumi
dc.contributor.author Ye, Weimin
dc.contributor.author Giblin-Davis, Robin M.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-06T06:14:51Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-06T06:14:51Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.description.abstract A Parasitodiplogaster sp. was isolated from syconia of Ficus burkei from Pretoria, South Africa, and determined to be conspecific with P. sycophilon, originally described by Poinar in 1979 from Harare, Zimbabwe, and also from F. burkei. Examination of type material of P. sycophilon revealed inaccuracies in the former description necessitating a redescription which is provided herein. Additionally, the original description lacked molecular data, which is also provided. Originally, the stoma of P. sycophilon was described as reduced without teeth. However, we observed a large dorsal stegostomatal tooth and an almost equally-sized right subventral tooth which was typologically similar to the stoma of P. laeviagata from Florida. In addition, a pore-like phasmid was observed in both males and females just above the tail tip. Most other characters were as formerly described. Based upon molecular inferences from sequences of the D2/D3 expansion segments of the rDNA of the large subunit (LSU), P. sycophilon is not clearly defined relative to the neotropical Parasitodiplogaster species that have been described and sequenced from figs in the section Urostigma, subsection Americana (i.e., P. laevigata, P. popenema, P. citrinema, and P. trigonema), or to P. australis from Australia ex F. virens (section Urostigma, subsection Urostigma), or to P. maxinema from neotropical figs from the section Pharmacosycea, subsection Pharmacosycea. Further work is needed to elucidate the molecular phylogeny of the Parasitodiplogaster lineages that may have co-speciated with the African figs of the section Urostigma, subsection Galoglychia. en_US
dc.description.librarian hb2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Grant 77256 from the National Research Foundation en_US
dc.description.uri http://www.brill.com en_US
dc.identifier.citation Wohr, M, Greeff, JM, Kanzaki, N, Ye, WM & Gular and morpiblin-Davis, RM 2014, 'Molechological observations on Parasitodiplogaster sycophilon Poinar, 1979 (Nematoda : Diplogastrina) associated with Ficus burkei in Africa', Molecular and morphological observations on Parasitodiplogaster sycophilon Poinar, 1979 (Nematoda: Diplogastrina) associated with Ficus burkei in Africa', Nematology, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 453- 462. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1388-5545 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1568-5411 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1163/15685411-00002777.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/41080
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Brill en_US
dc.rights © 2014 Brill. All rights reserved. en_US
dc.subject Ficus spp. en_US
dc.subject Morphology en_US
dc.subject Morphometrics en_US
dc.subject Parasitodiplogaster en_US
dc.subject Redescription en_US
dc.subject Syconia en_US
dc.subject Taxonomy en_US
dc.title Molecular and morphological observations on Parasitodiplogaster sycophilon Poinar, 1979 (Nematoda : Diplogastrina) associated with Ficus burkei in Africa en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US


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