Is rewritten Bible/Scripture the solution to the Synoptic Problem?

Show simple item record Malan, Gert Jacobus 2014-07-31T08:02:54Z 2014-07-31T08:02:54Z 2014-05-28
dc.description.abstract New Testament scholars have for centuries posited different solutions to the Synoptic Problem. Recently a new solution was proposed. Mogens Müller applies Geza Vermes’s term rewritten Bible to the canonical gospels. Accepting Markan priority, he views Matthew as rewritten Mark, Luke as rewritten Matthew, and John as additional source. This article examines Müller’s hypothesis by first investigating the history of the controversial term rewritten Bible/ Scripture and its recent application to the New Testament Gospels. Müller’s hypothesis is then compared to other solutions to the Synoptic Problem, such as the Augustine, Griesbach, and Farrer-Goulder Hypotheses. The Two Document Hypothesis is discussed and Müller’s 2nd century Luke theory is compared to Burton Mack’s almost similar stance and tested with the argument of synoptic intertextuality in view of the possible but improbable early second century date for Matthew. Lastly, the relationship between the synoptic Gospels is viewed in terms of literary intertextuality. Müller suggests proclamation as motivation for the Gospels’ deliberate intertextual character. This notion is combined with the concept of intertextuality to suggest a more suitable explanation for the relationship between die Gospels, namely intertextual kerugma. This broad concept includes any form of intertextuality in terms of text and context regarding the author and readers. It suitably replaces rewritten Bible, both in reference to genre and textual (exegetical) strategy. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Malan, G.J., 2014, 'Is rewritten Bible/Scripture the solution to the Synoptic Problem?', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 70(1), Art. #2101, 10 pages. 10.4102/hts.v70i1.2101. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0259-9422 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2072-8050 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4102/hts.v70i1.2101
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher OpenJournals Publishing en_US
dc.rights © 2014. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS OpenJournals. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_US
dc.subject Synoptic Problem en_US
dc.subject New Testament scholars en_US
dc.subject Rewritten Bible en_US
dc.subject Rewritten Scripture en_US
dc.subject Second Testament documents en_US
dc.subject Intertextual kerugma en_US
dc.title Is rewritten Bible/Scripture the solution to the Synoptic Problem? en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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